A city can be defined as ësmartí when investments in human and social capital as well as traditional (transport) and modern (ICT) communication infrastructure fuel sustainable economic development and a high quality of life, with a wise management of natural resources, through participatory action and engagement. The smart city concept essentially means efficiency – but efficiency based on the intelligent management of resources, integrated ICTs, and active citizen participation.
- smart economy
- smart mobility
- smart environment
- smart people
- smart living
- smart governance
These six axes connect with traditional regional and neoclassical theories of urban growth and development. In particular, the axes are based ñ respectively ñ on theories of regional competitiveness, transport and ICT economics, natural resources, human and social capital, quality of life, and participation of citizens in the governance of cities.
This definition insists that smart cities are defined by their innovation, their ability to solve problems, and their use of ICTs to improve this capacity. In this sense, intelligence is an inner quality of any territory, any place, city or region where innovation processes are facilitated by information and communication technologies.
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